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Assay Method Information

Assay Name:  The Measurement of Inhibitory Activity on Human ACC1 and the ACC2
Description:  Recombinant human ACC1 and recombinant human ACC2, which were prepared by the method mentioned above, were preincubated with assay buffer solution (50 mM HEPES-KOH (pH 7.4), 10 mM magnesium chloride, 6-10 mM potassium citrate, 4 mM reduced form of glutathione, 1.5 mg/ml bovine serum albumin) for one hour. Then, 0.2 μL of each this invention compound solution (in DMSO) were dispensed to 384-well microplate, 5 μL of the preincubated enzyme solution and 5 μL of substrate solution (50 mM HEPES-KOH (pH 7.4), 1 mM ATP, 0.8 mM acetyl CoA and 25-50 mM potassium bicarbonate) were added to microplate. After centrifugation and shaking, the reaction mixtures were incubated in a humidified box at room temperature for 1 to 3 hours. After the incubation, the enzyme reactions were stopped by the addition of EDTA. Then, after the samples were cocrystallized with CHCA (α-cyano-4-hydroxy cinnamic acid) matrices on MALDI target plate, by using the matrix assist laser deionization time-of-flight mass spectrometer (MALDI-TOF MS), samples were measured in reflector negative mode. Deprotonated ions of acetyl CoA (AcCoA) of substrate and malonyl CoA (MalCoA) of the reaction product were detected, then, the conversion rates of acetyl CoA to malonyl CoA was calculated by the intensity of [MalCoA-H]−/(Intensity of [MalCoA-H].+Intensity of [AcCoA-H]) using each signal strength. The 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) was calculated from the inhibition rate of the enzymatic reaction at each concentration of the compounds. In addition, potassium citrate concentrations in assay buffer solution, potassium hydrogen carbonate concentrations in substrate solution and incubation time were adjusted by each lot of enzyme.
Affinity data for this assay
 

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Last update November 1, 2007
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