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Assay Method Information

Assay Name:  Scintillation Proximity Assay (SPA)
Description:  Binding Assay B: A SPA membrane binding assay was used to identify inhibitors of [33P] 2MeS-ADP binding to cloned human P2Y1 receptors (The P2Y1 receptor membranes were provided by Biology and the cloning of the receptor and P2Y1 receptor membrane preparation is same as described by Biology). Binding reactions were performed in 384-well OptiPlates (PerkinElmer Life Sciences, Cat #6007299) in a volume of 50 uL containing 15 fmol of P2Y1 receptor (1.7 ug of total protein), 0.3 nM [33P] 2MeS-ADP (PerkinElmer; 2,000 Ci/mmol), various concentrations of the test compound (usually between 10 uM and 160 pM) in Buffer B containing 1% DMSO in assay buffer (15 mM, HEPES, 145 mM potassium chloride, 5 mM sodium chloride, 5 mM EDTA, 0.1 mM MgCl2, pH 7.4) and 100 ug of SPA bead (WGA polystyrene Image beads, #RPNQ 0260V, Amersham). Reactions were allowed to proceed to completion at room temperature for 1 hour followed by centrifugation of the plate for 5 min. About 40 uL of the aqueous solution was aspirated. Plates were sealed and the [33P] 2MeS-ADP bound to the P2Y1 receptor membranes that were bound to the SPA bead were determined in a Gen 4 LEADSEEKER (Amersham) Image Reader. Dose-response curves (IC50) were fit by non-linear regression (Toolset an in house data processing program) and binding constants (Ki) calculated using the Cheng-Prusoff relationship (Ki=IC50/(1+L/Kd) in which a Kd for 2MeS-ADP to the P2Y1 receptor was determined to be 1.4 nM.
Affinity data for this assay
 

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Last update November 1, 2007
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