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Assay Method Information

Assay Name:  In Vitro Raf Activity Determination
Description:  Assay Materials: Assay buffer is 50 mM Tris, pH 7.5, 15 mM MgCl2, 0.01% Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) and 1 mM dithiothreitol (DTT); Stop buffer is 60 mM ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and 0.01% TweenŽ 20: b-Raf (V600E), active; biotinylated Mek, kinase dead; Alpha Screen detection kit (available from PerkinElmer, #6760617R); Anti phospho-MEK1/2 (available from Cell Signaling Technology, Inc. #9121); 384 well low volume assay plates (White GreinerŽ plates).Assay conditions: b-Raf (V600E) approximately 4 μM; c-Raf approximately 4 nM; biotinylated Mek, kinase dead approximately 10 nM; ATP 10 μM for BRAF (V600E) and 1 μM for CRAF; Pre-incubation time with compounds 60 minutes at room temperature; Reaction time 1 or 3 hours at room temperature.Assay protocol: Raf and biotinylated Mek (kinase dead) were combined at 2× final concentrations in assay buffer (50 mM Tris, pH 7.5, 15 mM MgCl2, 0.01% BSA and 1 mM DTT) and dispensed 5 ml per well in assay plates (Greiner white 384 well assay plates #781207) containing 0.25 ml of 40× of a Raf kinase inhibitor test compound diluted in 100% DMSO. The plate was incubated for 60 minutes at room temperature. The Raf kinase activity reaction was started by the addition of 5 mL per well of 2×ATP diluted in assay buffer. After 3 hours (b-Raf(V600E)) or 1 hour (c-Raf). The reactions were stopped and the phosphorylated product was measured using a rabbit anti-p-MEK (Cell Signaling, #9121) antibody and the Alpha Screen IgG (ProteinA) detection Kit (PerkinElmer #6760617R), by the addition of 10 mL to the well of a mixture of the antibody (1:2000 dilution) and detection beads (1:2000 dilution of both beads) in Stop/bead buffer (25 mM EDTA, 50 mM Tris, pH 7.5, 0.01% Tween20). The additions were carried out under dark conditions to protect the detection beads from light. A lid was placed on top of the plate and incubated for 1 hour at room temperature, after which the luminescence was read on a PerkinElmer Envision instrument. The concentration of each compound for 50% inhibition (IC50) was calculated by non-linear regression using XL Fit data analysis software.
Affinity data for this assay
 

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Last update November 1, 2007
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