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Assay Method Information

Assay Name:  BCA Protein Assay
Description:  Escherichia coli BL21*DE3 pET30a-Ec yeaWX #1 (Ec YeaWX) strain was generated as described below. The contiguous Escherichia coli coding sequence yeaW (equivalent to uniprot ID P0ABR7.1 (YeaW) (SEQ ID NO: 2)) and yeaX (equivalent to uniprot ID P76254.1 (YeaX) (SEQ ID NO: 3)) were PCR amplified from Escherichia coli strain K-12 substr. BW25113 genomic DNA. PCR primers (YeaW_Nde I_fwd2-SEQ ID NO: 4; YeaX_rev2-SEQ ID NO: 5) were designed to create a 5′ NdeI restriction site including the ATG start codon of yeaW and create a PstI restriction site just 3′ of the yeaX TAG stop codon.The bacteria were grown aerobically in 50 mL LB broth (Difco #244620; 10 g/L Tryptone, 5 g/L yeast extract, 10 g/L NaCl, 50 μg/mL kanamycin), in a 500 mL Erlenmeyer flask. The cultures were inoculated from glycerol stock of BL21*DE3 pET30a-Ec yeaWX #1 strain. Strains were cultured all day at 37 C. with 250 rpm shaking. Two 300 mL Minimal M9 Medium (6 g/L Na2HPO4, 3 g/L KH2PO4, 0.5 g/L NaCl, 1 g/L NH4Cl, 0.1 mM CaCl2, 1 mM MgSO4, 0.2% Dextrose, 1 mg/L Thiamine, 50 μg/mL kanamycin), in 1 L Erlenmeyer flasks, were inoculated with 5 mL of the LB broth day culture and cultured overnight at 37 C. with 250 rpm shaking. The overnight cultures were used to inoculate twelve 1 L cultures of Minimal M9 media in 2.8 L fluted Erlenmeyer flasks to an OD 600 nm of 0.05 (typically approximately 28 mLs), which were grown at 37 C. with 250 rpm shaking until an OD600 of approximately 0.4 was reached. Expression of YeaWX was induced with 1 mM IPTG and the induced cultures were further grown overnight at 37 C. with 250 rpm shaking. The biomass was pelleted by centrifugation at 6000g for 12 minutes at 4 C. The cell pellet was suspended in 240 mL of ice-cold 1 Phosphate Buffered Saline (Ca2+ and Mg2+ free). Ninety micrograms of Lysozyme (Sigma #L6876 Lot #SLBG8654V; Sigma-Aldrich Corp., St. Louis, Mo.) was added and incubated with 320 rpm shaking for 30 minutes at 4 C. Lysis was achieved via French press with a 4 C. prechilled 1″ diameter chamber at 1000 psi (high ratio; internal PSI equivalent 16000). The lysate was centrifuged at 6,000g for 12 minutes at 4 C. to pellet extra debris. Glycerol was added to the centrifuged lysate supernatant at a final concentration of 15% A protein concentration of the centrifuged lysate supernatant was determined by a BCA Protein Assay Kit (Pierce #23225), typically in the 2.5 to 4.5 mg/ml range. The centrifuged Ec YeaWX lysate supernatant was aliquoted into 20 mL volumes and stored frozen at −80 C.Ec YeaWX lysate was diluted to 2.0 mg/mL protein with 1 Dulbecco's phosphate buffered saline (DPBS) plus 15% glycerol. Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) was added to 250 μM. One hundred and fifty microliters of Ec YeaWX lysate was dispensed into a deep-well plate (polypropylene, 2 mL volume, Corning Axygen catalogue #P-DW-20-C). Candidate IC50 compounds from TABLE 1 and vehicle control (respective vehicle control of DMSO or water), or control compounds (IC50 control, 8-Quinolinol hemisulfate salt (Sigma Catalog #55100)) were added at a 1:100 dilution (e.g., 1.5 μL per well). The plates were agitated on a plate shaker for 1 minute. d9-carnitine chloride (1.5 μL of 5 mM) was added to all wells to reach a final d9-carnitine chloride concentration of 50 μM.
Affinity data for this assay
 

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Last update November 1, 2007
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