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Assay Method Information

Assay Name:  Enzymatic Activity Assay
Description:  The compounds were tested for serum and glucocorticoid-regulated kinase 1 (SGK-1) inhibitory activity in a substrate phosphorylation assay designed to measure the ability of the isolated enzyme to catalyze the transfer of phosphate from ATP to serine/threonine residues in a fluorescein-labeled substrate peptide, using recombinant human SGK-1 enzyme produced in a baculovirus system (Biomol, Hamburg, Germany, Cat. No. 4-331). The synthesized fluorescent labeled peptide substrate contained (5(6)-Carboxyfluorescein)-RPRAATF-NH2. The phosphorylated substrate peptide and non-phosphorylated substrate peptide were separated with caliper life science's lab-chip technology based on a micro fluidics method. All fluid flow was established on the chip by applying a vacuum of a few psi to the waste well transporting fluid from various sources through interconnecting channels. Because the phosphoryl group is doubly negatively charged, under the pressure-driven hydrodynamic flow and the voltage-driven flow within the electric field, the fluorescent labeled peptide substrate and its phosphorylation product appear at different times in the detection window to the detection point. Substrate turnover can thus be determined as the ratio of the product peak area and the sum of substrate peak area and product peak area.The enzyme reaction was carried out in a buffer containing 25 mM Tris-HCl (pH 7.4), 5 mM MgCl2, 2 mM MnCl2, 2 mM DTT, and 0.03% bovine serum albumine. The enzyme was pre-incubated with the test compound for 30 min at 24 C. The kinase reaction was initiated by addition of the substrate mixture containing the peptide substrate (final concentration 1 μM) and ATP (final concentration 10 μM). After 60 min incubation at 37 C., the enzyme reaction was terminated by adding a buffer containing 100 mM Hepes (pH 7.4) and 35 mM EDTA.
Affinity data for this assay
 

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Last update November 1, 2007
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