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Assay Method Information

Assay Name:  Receptor [35S] GTPgammaS Binding Assays: (S1P1 GTPgammaS/S1P3 GTPgammaS)
Description:  Compounds were loaded in a 384 Falcon v-bottom plate (0.5 l/well in a 11 point, 3-fold dilution). Membranes prepared from S1P1/CHO cells or EDG3-Gal5-bla HEK293T cells (EDG3 equivalent S1P3) were added to the compound plate (40 l/well, final protein 3 μg/well) with MULTIDROP®. [35S]GTP (1250 Ci/mmol, Perkin Elmer) was diluted in assay buffer: 20 mM HEPES, pH7.5, 10 mM MgCl2, 150 mM NaCl, 1 mM EGTA (ethylene glycol tetraacetic acid), 1 mM DTT (Dithiothreitol), 10 μM GDP, 0.1% fatty acid free BSA, and 10 μg/ml Saponin to 0.4 nM. 40 μl of the [35S] GTP solution was added to the compound plate with a final concentration of 0.2 nM. The reaction was kept at room temperature for 45 min. At the end of incubation, all the mixtures in the compound plate were transferred to Millipore 384-well FB filter plates via the VELOCITY11® Vprep liquid handler. The filter plate was washed with water 4 times by using the manifold Embla plate washer and dried at 60° C. for 45 min. MicroScint 20 scintillation fluid (30 μl) was added to each well for counting on the Packard TOPCOUNT®. EC50 is defined as the agonist concentration that corresponds to 50% of the Ymax (maximal response) obtained for each individual compound tested. The EC50 for Example 689 was determined to be 5.7 nM in the assay utilizing membranes prepared from S1P1/CHO cells. The EC50 for Example 689 was determined to be >2000 nM in the assay utilizing membranes prepared from EDG3-Gal5-bla HEK293T cells.A smaller value for GTPγS S1P1 EC50 value indicated greater activity for the compound in the GTPγS S1P1 binding assay. A larger value for the GTPγS S1P3 EC50 value indicated less activity in the GTPγS S1P3 binding assay. Example 689, which is the phosphate ester of Example 672, possessed activity as an agonist of S1P1 and is selective over S1P3. Example 697, which is the phosphate ester of Example 681, possessed activity as an agonist of S1P1 and is selective over S1P3. Thus the compounds of the present invention may be used in treating, preventing, or curing various S1P1 receptor-related conditions while reducing or minimizing the side effects due to S1P3 activity. The selectivity of the compounds of the present invention indicate their potential use in treating, preventing, or curing autoimmune and inflammatory diseases such as multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, lupus, psoriasis, or vascular diseases, while reducing or minimizing possible side effects due to S1P3 activity. Other potential uses of the compounds of the present invention include minimizing or reducing rejection of transplanted organs, while reducing or minimizing side effects due to S1P3 activity.
Affinity data for this assay
 

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Last update November 1, 2007
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